Jaigarh Fort is located on the top of a hill providing a spectacular view of Jaipur, about 16 km away from Jaipur walled city, Rajasthan state of India. The highlight of Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur is the Jaivana, which is the world’s largest cannon on wheels. It was built in 1720.
Jaigarh fort is among the three forts which are located in the Amer region of the Pink city.
The fort is situated on Aravali hills and the part is popularly known as Cheel ka Tilla (Hill of the Eagle) locally. It is centrally situated on the way to Nahargarh fort from Amber fort.
Unlike the Nahargarh Fort which was built as a rest house for the Kings, this was build as a residential building but later on, it was mainly used as a warehouse for the artilleries.
History of Jaigarh Fort
History of the Jaigarh fort date back to the 18th century. It was built by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1726 as a fort to protect the Amer fort from enemy invasion. The purpose was to use the height of Aravalis to keep a watch on the area to get an earlier clue of the approaching enemy.
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Jaigarh Fort Architecture
The fort campus is spread over 3 kilometers of area and the architectural design is similar to that of Amber fort. Like the Amber and Nahargarh forts, Jaigarh Fort Jaipur has got the element which is a mixture of Mughal era architectural pattern combined with Rajputana style.
The fort has been made of red sandstone which is still a very peculiar material used in buildings even today. It houses a square garden in the middle and two vintage temples of the ancient era much older than the life of the fort itself. One is the Ram Harihar temple which was built around the 10th century and another one is a Kala Bhairva (Lord Shiva ) temple dated back to the 12th century.
The fort is protected by high walls with spots for attacking the approaching from the top. It also houses a central water reservoir which was used for supplying water to the Amber fort. The central reservoir is still conserved it was.
Jaigarh Fort Visit For
The major attraction of Jaigarh fort is the ‘Jaivana’, a wheel mounted cannon which was built in the vicinity itself and was the largest cannon of that time. It’s still been placed at the point from where it was first operated.
It is said that it took 16 bullocks many hours of churning to get it on the top of the fort when it was needed to fire onto the enemies and since that day it has been neither moved nor operated. Apart from this, there is a museum as well which contains the old manuscripts, clothes, weapons, and artworks of the bygone era.
How to Reach Jaigarh Fort
There is no special arrangement required to reach here, it’s on the way to Nahargarh Fort and just a few meters above the Amber fort and it can be reached via road by using Jaipur Bus service.
There are many tour planners which book a whole day package for sightseeing and this includes a visit to Amber and Nahargarh fort as well.
Jaigarh Fort is a must-visit site if one wants to know the rich Rajputana culture. The lifestyle of the era, the history of Rajasthan, and the most important chapter of the history of India.