Jantar Mantar is an open-air observatory designed by Sawai Jai Singh in 1728, made of marble and stone. Know more about the Jantar Mantar of Rajasthan, India.
About Jantar Mantar
Jantar Mantar in Jaipur Rajasthan is another prominent place that is a tourist attraction. This is a series of astronomical instruments that were built around the 18th century.
The purpose of this monument was to get a precise calculation of time so that the season for agricultural production can be deduced. Such observatories were built at five places throughout the country but out of them all only two remained preserved till today.
One is here at Jaipur while the other is in the capital city of New Delhi. The Jantar Mantar Jaipur has been nicely preserved of the two.
Jantar Mantar History
Back in the 18th century in between 1727 to 1734 AD when Sawai Jai Singh, the erstwhile Maharaja of Jaipur state who was a commander of the Mughals built his capital around the Aravalli hills which is today known as Jaipur.
He built many Monuments along with and this piece of architecture was built on a prototype of a similar structure in Delhi, the capital of Mughals. The structures at Jantar Mantar consist of many architectural pieces that were constructed as instruments each measuring a specific aspect of time.
This has been regarded as one of the best astronomical pieces of work of mankind. The name Jantar Mantar is a combination of two words, the ‘Jantar’ means ‘instruments’ and ‘Mantar’ means ‘formula’ in Hindi, and the purpose of the monument was to get a precise understanding of seasons by calculating the time around the year.
As India was and remains an Agricultural country and so an accurate calculation of seasons for rains and crop cultivation was more important. So this ‘calculation instrument’ helped in predicting the accurate timing of rains and seasons.
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Jantar Mantar Famous For
The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur is famous for its astronomical and historical importance. The site gets a maximum number of visitors which includes scholars, tourists, and experts who visit here to study the astronomical knowledge of the era.
The structures are scattered within a small area and all of them serves a different purpose, the cumulative result of all was used and can be used even today to study the time of the day and the exact time of earth rotation around the Sun. This is proof of the strong scientific knowledge of our ancestors.
Jantar Mantar Architecture
The monument is completely different than other monuments in the city architecture wise. This one has a close similarity to the Jantar Mantar, which is situated in Delhi. The vicinity consists of a central pair of giant dials which were used to track the time of the day.
The others were used to track individual constellations one for each of the constellations known at the time.
How to Reach Jantar Mantar
Jantar Mantar can be reached from the railway station and city Inter-state bus stand which are nearby and the place is just around 3-4 km from the place.
The site is situated on the campus of Albert Hall which is another historical monument. Regular bus service is available with both air-conditioned and non-air-conditioned Low Floor buses plying on the route.